LONGEVITY REPORT 25

Volume 3 no 25. First published February 1991. ISSN applied for.

Click box below for the Life Extension Foundation

Louis Epstein's tables of the oldest people.
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Unraveling the Secrets of Human Longevity
by Dr. Leonid Gavrilov, Ph. D. and Dr. Natalia Gavrilova, Ph. D.

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KH3 OMT
Letters (Imports, cryonics, semantics)
After Many a Summer Dies the Swan
Bob Brakeman
Comments on Cryonics Finance
Jim Yount
Cryonics Cartoon Anon (not present in web version)
Status Report
(Renewal time again!) John de Rivaz
Who Needs Tahiti
Bob Brakeman
Amrit Kalash John E. Smith
Postmortem Signup Assistance
Trygve B. Bauge


K.H.3TM

Editorial note: - This is the first OMT reprint we have offered where the product is available on the open market. In this case, Boots the Chemists!

People all over the world have been safely and beneficially taking K.H.3 for over 20 years.

K.H.3 is known throughout the world and can be purchased in more than 70 countries (although not in the United States!). Every natural gelatine K.H.3 capsule contains the world famous "youth drug" known as procaine and another vital factor called hematoporphyrin. The drug hematoporphyrin is able to actually boost the action of procaine. Many scientific studies in clinics and hospitals all over the world have clearly shown that K.H.3 can slow down the aging process. K.H.3 also makes life seem worthwhile and helps people to cope with the pressures of daily life.

The drug procaine was first made by the scientist Alfred Einhorn in 1905, and was, for more than forty years the most widely used local anaesthetic drug with an amazing safety record. It was not until 1956 that the benefits of long-term use of procaine injections in the fight against aging were discovered. The oral form of procaine called K.H.3 was developed so as to avoid the need for regular injections. Its special formulation means that the results you get are every bit as good as injections.

How Procaine Works.

The human body is made up of tiny units known as cells. Every cell is bound by a thin layer of fats and proteins called the cell membrane. The drug procaine changes the way that the membranes around cells work. Firstly, the oxygen consumption of cells is increased. For a long time this was thought to be the only way that procaine stimulated the cells of the body. More recent research has shown that procaine affects cells in many ways:

Cell membranes become less excitable1,this can cause feelings of mild stimulation and high spirits2.

The chemical reactions that go on inside cells speed up. Muscle cells, in particular, work much better.

Proteins are made more quickly because the level of DNA rises in the cell3. DNA is a chemical that is vital for life.

The hematoporphyrin in K.H.3 capsules stabilizes the procaine making it much more effective4,5. It is not itself absorbed6 so there is no risk of becoming sensitive to light when taking K.H.3.

Medical trials show that K.H.3 helps alertness, concentration, recall skills and physical power. Regular use can help with many different health problems, e.g. weak physical and mental skills. As we grow older the blood circulation in the brain becomes poorer leading to a bad memory, reduced concentration, mental disharmony and loss of hearing. Poor general circulation due to old age causes dizzy spells and poor skin tone. K.H.3 improves circulation in the brain and the body. K.H.3 is now used by very large numbers of people across the world. People have used K.H.3over many years because they notice improvements in their physical and mental abilities. Though originally only used to treat elderly people , K.H.3 is now taken by many young people who undergo the physical and mental stress of modern life.

Alertness, concentration and recall.

In a study carried out in 1968, 40 elderly people received K.H.3, 10 received placebo (dummy capsules) for five months. No other drugs were taken. There was an amazing improvement in the memory and insight of the group using K.H.37. A similar study in 200 people confirmed these results. It was found that prolonged mental activity became easier, resistance to boredom increased, visual perception and visual memory improved8. Of 232 people with emotional and mental symptoms, 120 took K.H.3 and the rest placebo for five months. Based on a whole series of tests it was found that the treated people had a better memory for numbers, felt more alert, and had superb concentration and hand-eye coordination9. Another study in 140 people showed better concentration and recall in the 79 subjects who took the active drug10.

Hearing Loss With Increasing Age.

Many elderly people suffer from hearing problems. In a study of 171 people who complained of loss of hearing, 105 took two capsules of K.H.3 each day for five months, the rest placebo. Tests proved that hearing and feelings of well-being were improved11.

High Blood Pressure.

Real improvement was seen in 50 elderly patients who took K.H.3 for five months. In particular, high blood pressure was reduced, and the doses of drugs taken to lower blood pressure could be modified12.

Poor Blood Flow in the Brain.

People suffering from poor blood flow in the brain are very often obstinate and confused. Over a two year period in which K.H.3 was used these symptoms improved13.

Athletic Skills.

Twenty trained athletes taking K.H.3 were compared to the same number of athletes who were not given K.H.3. There was a clear improvement due to the treatment, in the pulse and blood pressure of the test subjects. However, a group of twenty highly trained athletes given K.H.3 did not improve on their pre-treatment performance. K.H.3 has no short-term stimulating effect in athletes and is not a "doping agent"14.

Physical and Mental Ability.

A group of sixty older people in full time work were studied for reaction time, muscle coordination and hearing ability. Also mental ability, sense of well-being and enjoyment of life were assessed. In all cases the people receiving K.H.3 had better results than those in the placebo group15.

A Clinical Trial in 247 Patients Over Two Years Confirms the Potency of K.H.3.

A proper medical trial was carried over two years in a selected group of healthy, older people. The length of the study was more than 500 patient years.

The Results

People in the K.H.3 group could still remember a list of 12 words 45 minutes after learning them, while the placebo group could no longer do this. After 2 years it was found that the group taking K.H.3 had a level of incontinence half that of the placebo group. The K.H.3 group had a much better grip strength than the placebo group. The doctors that carried out this trial concluded that "...the results of this trial suggest that K.H.3 is an active substance. ...earlier work on procaine claimed that it caused improved recall, increased psychomotor activity and muscle strength in the elderly. We were surprised to substantiate these findings".

Well Tolerated.

K.H.3 can be safely taken for long periods. It may also be given to people with diabetes. Experiments by many doctors have shown that many of the signs of old age are reduced by regular use of K.H.3. The proven benefits include:

Improved powers of recall and concentration.

Less joint stiffness.

Better hearing.

Positive effect on the heart and circulation.

Elderly people become less stubborn

Uptake.

Uptake into the body is very rapid. Procaine is rapidly broken down in the blood, and by thirty minutes after taking it the levels have fallen to one seventh of the original level. The products of the breakdown are PABA and DEAE (diethylamino-ethanol) and DMAE (dimethylaminoethanol). Although, PABA is not a true vitamin, it does take part in the chemical reactions of cells, and is a factor in the creation of the vitamin folic acid. DEAE has a tonic effect on the heart and circulation.DMAE is a mild stimulant and has been used in the treatment of senility, fatigue, mild depression and chronic headaches.

Dosage.

Take 1 to 2 capsules daily at breakfast time with a little liquid. Treatment should be continued for 5 months, after which a break of 2 to 4 weeks can be used to judge whether there has been any improvement. To get a long lasting effect, the course of treatment with K.H.3 should be repeated several times. Older people should take K.H.3 every day. If for any reason you cannot take K.H.3in capsule form, then the capsule contents may be removed, and the powder taken with any desired drink. K.H.3 can also be used at these doses during convalescence after illness to ensure a speedy recovery.

Side Effects.

Side effects of K.H.3 are very rare, even when taken every day for many months. There have been a few cases of heartburn and a mild feeling of pressure in the abdomen.

Notice.

In order to get the best results it is very important to start K.H.3 therapy early in life, i.e. between 25 and 30 years old. If taken early enough K.H.3 may be able to delay or prevent certain signs of aging.

Do not take K.H.3 at the same time as sulphonamide drugs or combinations such as cotrimoxazole. Do not give to children or pregnant or lactating women.

References.

1 Ritchie, J.M & Greenguard, P. Ann. Rev. Pharmacol. 6:405-430 (1966).

2 Frank, G.B & Saunders, H.D. Br. J. Pharmacol. Chemother. 21:1-9 (1963).

3 Freimueller, B et al. Arzneim. Forsch. (Drug Res.) 28(II) 10, 1687-1691 (1978).

4 Hegner, D. Study carried out at the Institut fuer Parmakologie, Toxikologie und Pharmazie, Muenchen (1979).

5 Tirri, L.J. Study carried out at the University of Nevada. Dept. of Chem., Las Vegas (1979).

6 Luecker, P.W. Study carried out at the Privatinstitut fuer Klinische Pharmakologie, Bobenheim am Berg (1979).

7 Kranebitter, O. Dissertation, Salzburg (1968).

8 Quatember, R & Maly , J. Wien. Med. Wschr. 21:692 (1980).

9 Czerwenka, W et al. Wien. Med. Wschr. 120,13,217 (1970).

10 Mock, A. Arbeitsgruppe fuer Psychologische Forschung und Beratung, Koeln (1969).

11 Mueller, E. Der Kassenarzt 15,3 (1975).

12 Jansen, W. Zeitschrift fuer Praklinische Geriatrie 3,14 (1973).

13 Pakesch, E. Wien. Klin. Wschr. 82,12,211 (1970).

14 Prokop, L. Wien. Med. Wschr. 123,45,658 (1973).

15 Doerling, E. Der Kassenarzt, 19 (1975).

16 Hall, M.R. et al. Age & Ageing 12:302-308 (1983).

[KH3 is available without prescription from Boots - ed]


Letters

anonymous

I recently called Alcor UK asking for a brochure and some information about their activities and, included with their literature, they sent me a sample copy of Longevity Report.

Since then I sent for a subscription and for all past issues of Longevity Report which I have now managed to read almost entirely. I particularly appreciated those articles regarding life extending and enhancing vitamins and drugs, but I noticed that you didn't give a simple address or name of any company actually selling these drugs.

Well, maybe you and your readers will be interested in a company I've just found out about and that does just that.

I got to this company through an article in Mondo 2000 (summer 1990 issue). By the way, this is a most interesting magazine. It's based in California and the only issue I've seen so far had articles mostly about computers and virtual reality, but also regarding nanotechnology, an interview with Durk Pearson and Sandy Shaw and (back to the point) "smart drugs". This article explained how the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) relaxed the rules regarding import to the US of non-FDA-approved drugs, under pressure mainly from AIDS activists (ACT UP etc), and went on to describe the properties of a few of these products and how to obtain them.

The only problem is that Interlab (that's the name of the company) set up in the UK in order to supply the products to the US market and is not allowed to sell anything in the UK. But if you can provide an address anywhere outside the UK you could then re-import the stuff under section 13 of the 1968 Medicines Act.

That's no problem for me because I'm from Italy and I've got a supply of Lucidril and Piracetam shipped to a friend of mine back in Milan waiting for me to collect it when I'll get there this Christmas!

Anyway, I'm sure that most of your readers will be able to find the address of a like minded friend somewhere on the continent or wherever, and so getting around this silly bit of red tape.

Here's a few of the substances on offer:

Aminoguanidine HCL Biostim Centrophenoxine (Lucidril) Deprenyl (Jumex) Hydergine (Ergoloid Mesylates) Phenytoin (generic Dilantin) Piracetam Retin A/effederm (tretinoin) Sulbutiamine (Arcalion) Vasopressin Nasal Spray (Diapid) Xanthinol nicotinate.

And this is only the stuff I've heard of. Does any of you out there know anything about RN13 (regeneresen), Parlodel (bromocryptine) or isoprinosine (inosine pronobex)? This last is to be taken one tablet a day for "general use" (?) and "if you are suffering from AIDS, cancer or hepatitis, take 4 to 6 500mg tablets per day and monitor the uric acid level carefully"!!(!?)

Anyway, you can write to Interlab as I did, asking for information and they'll send you their catalogue and price list. [NB Write from your overseas address or you won't get an answer! - ed.] You'll have to sign a declaration saying that what you're buying is for personal use only and that it is used with the consent of your physician. Payment is in $US.

This is the address: (company closed, address deleted)

Editorial Comment:

Regular readers will be aware of my usual cautions in this sort of situation: Certain medicines are usually prescription only because your progress on them needs to be monitored by a physician. If you take them without such monitoring you do so entirely at your own risk!

I also wrote to Interlab to see if I would get a reply and see whether they would mind my publishing the letter. They said that they will NOT even mail catalogues to UK addresses, but will mail them to overseas addresses. So you need to get your overseas address sorted out before you even get a catalogue.

I would also suggest when writing as from this overseas address that you do not mention that you are resident in England, for example by asking whether they would accept payment in sterling. They need to remain within the law with their operations. If they fall foul of the law, it not only jeopardises their business, but the life extension aspirations of their clients.

Longevity drugs and cryonics is the main topic of discussion in the November issue of Periastron, Dr Thomas Donaldson's newsletter. After the article on this there is a major review of Deprenyl (Selegiline hydrochloride). Sold by mail from outside the US as Jumex, this drug is widely used by many cryonicists.

Also see the Life Extension Foundation, where you can get a lot of these products now.

The other major topic is a review of several papers on growth, development, brain repair, and memory. Dr Donaldson says that some of these papers may be seen as very significant in future years.

For further details of the newsletter, the address is Box 365, Sunnyvale, CA94087, or Compuserve 73647,1215.

From Dr John Walford

Yes, I agree with your distinction between scientific laws (aren't the laws of science a way of statement of what you call the principles upon which the universe works to which cryonic suspension - whatever its technology - including revitalisation - must conform?)

and political legal and social laws to which people conform to avoid penalties.

Yes, I agree cryonic suspension, and later recovery by future science both whole body and neuro, has to conform to the principles upon which the universe works: and this brings up the very large number of variable factors you imply which are being discussed in The Immortalist and elsewhere.

Won't future science have to know and sufficiently understand all the variables? Since some of these variables and those uncertainties are not yet known won't future science have to acquire and learn the capacity to understand uncertain variables? Especially if those variables have that quantum factor of being affected by the means whereby they are recognised.

Yes, who will be the first to be revived?

If viewed in the current news content of the matter of which political leader would be best (this was written at the time of the Tory party leadership elections - ed) would the revival teams of the future be able to tell who should be the best of the row of whole body and neuros which might be encapsulated before them ... when future science knows it knows enough?

Future science will, I submit, be able by then to meet your seven requirements:

To remain in control To extend life To defeat death To have customer appeal Low cost to contribute, whilst consuming, resources no "blank cheques"

and Robert Ettinger's three:

To be better in all respects to be part of the amazing potential of human evolution to be something beyond mere application of technology.

In J. Bolsover's article in National Geographic clients of Trans Time Inc, because they were unable to defeat time, were thought to be attempting to arrest that natural processes of ageing and death. So, I'm ready to join you in asking What is a natural process? Writing as you say is not as natural as feeding and sleeping yet it is a form of communication of relationship not altogether different from other kinds of being part of a wholeness. They all come under the heading Biohuman Activity, don't they?

We watched Joan Bakewell's Heart of the Matter religious slot programme on cryonic suspension and heard Mike Darwin and some people ready to sign up.

There was, I'm thinking, a real contrast between the sound sense potential of the background of your contributions (your seven requirements) and the slow-stop-time fundamentalism of both their for and against lobbies.

Isn't this the same enigma as the slow-stop-time / natural processes tangle or prison from which all of us are seeking release?

Are we - you and your readers - (especially the readers who "draw no blank cheques on the bank of time") reaching towards solutions of the Cryonics and the Problem of Time enigma tangle puzzle?

[Earlier I had expressed an analogy between the aging process and considering the human birth/death cycle in the term of an infinite series of booster rockets. Each individual is considered to be a booster rocket boosting forward the ship of life, his death being analogous to the falling away and burning up of spent booster rockets. In a shuttle system, the boosters are designed to work together as a system just long enough to get the shuttle into orbit, then they fall apart. It could be said that the many systems that make up a human only work together for a lifespan, then they too fall apart - there is no magic button to switch off aging. Correct one as it ages, and the process used upsets another, Correct that -- and so on. -ed] [Small type in (brackets) above was suggested by the way the original letter was penned. -ed]

Your booster rocket analogy may resolve our cryonics and the problem of time enigma if and when it enables us to see and understand the relation between the real components (which are multiple and greater than four dimensional) and quote "more than mere application of technology" (R.Ettinger Longevity Report 22 p16.)

From Mr David Pizer

What's in a word?

The word Agnostic started out to mean that one was not specifically a Gnostic. Now it seems to mean one who withholds judgement on whether God exists or not.

The world Immortal seems to offend some people, even some cryonicists. So does the statement that "I want physical eternal life". The alternative is the word Amortal.

The word Mortal means "that which must eventually die". The word Amortal would mean that one is not compelled to have the "must" in the definition: that one does not want to, or have to, die. Amortal is not claiming to want to be immortal, but just wanting not to have to die.

From Mr M. Sankey

Thank you for continuing to send Longevity Report, particularly no 20, in which you lamented the poor quality of the articles sent to you. As mine was one of the few articles in that issue, I am sending a letter this time! You may be kinder to your authors' egos in future, if you reflect that they are risking their longevity by contributing at all. Michael Korda, in Success!, cites writers and journalists as the professionals with the lowest life expectancy.

I think the reason you have no coherent response to your question about saving time, is that it actually impossible to talk about time itself for very long, without diverging into philosophy, psychology, metaphysics et al. Books which purport to tell you how to manage time - such as Alan Lakein's, are actually about project management and task completion. Is that the same thing? Your idea of a time machine is interesting. I suppose mankind has constructed rudimentary time machines since the dawn of time itself - the wheel being one of the first "time machines".

What then happens is that Sod's Law comes into operation and the work expands to fill the extra time available. This is quite well demonstrated at supermarket checkouts, where, as fast as the management introduce new time saving strategies, the checkout people devise more ingenious ways of keeping the queues as long as before.

It's hard to escape the conclusion that there is a sense in which we actually want to waste our time. Tentatively I'd suggest this may be due to the very first effects of the death hormone, if it exists. It is reasonable to suppose that if there is a death programme in the brain, it comes into operation slowly and cumulatively like all other bodily processes, rather than as a "Big Bang" at the end.

PS Anyone bemused by the last sentence in my abovementioned article (on homoeopathy), should substitute the word "discharged" for the word "discouraged".


Editorial Announcement

Karen Griffin, my companion for some years, will be leaving sometime later this year. Her help with Longevity Report has been much appreciated, even if sometimes it was a bit adamant. We intend to remain friends, and she hopes to continue to offer help and advice with my publications whenever possible.


After Many a Summer dies the Swan

by Bob Brakeman

From an immortalist perspective, Aldous Huxley's problem was that he wrote Brave New World.

The fame of that 1932 futuristic novel was so great that it overshadowed his most important book, After Many a Summer Dies the Swan.

Published in 1939, Swan contains Huxley's views on what is certain to become the issue of the Third Millennium, physical immortality.

But first:

Because the government's indoctrination factories (the government, I'm told, calls them "schools") perform all tasks badly (except preaching idolatry of the state), it seems useful to say a word about who Huxley was, before dealing with his book.

A.H. was the grandson of one of the most famous English scientists of the 1800s, Thomas HuxleylT.H.'s greatest fame came from his role as the principal interpreter of Darwinism to the masses. He was so successful at it that, among the benighted classes, he became one of the most hated men in Britain. His grandson Aldous did the Eton/Oxford routine and then began writing novels. Brave New World's bleak vision of the future made him famous in the 1930s; but if immortalism does become the dominant social movement of the next few hundred years, After Many a Summer Dies the Swan will reinvent his fame.

Not, however, because it's all-out propaganda for an immortalist worldwide. The book is a mixed one, and both pro-immortality and anti-immortality views are presented. But for two reasons Swan is, on balance, in the pro-life column.

The first is that the pro-life views/characters are much more vivid and compelling than their opponents. The second is that Huxley made the simple yet important decision to talk about physical immortality; he made sure there'd be no twerperey about the survival of the beautiful spirit and going to sit at the feet of the Baby Jesus.

Since for five thousand years there has been a consistent interleaving of immortality talk and God talk, it's appropriate that After Many a Summer Dies the Swan should be set in God's Favourite Place, that galaxy masquerading as a city, that million plus and still exploding universe, that end of the world, a future of the human race, all rolled into one: that Mammoth Massive Muscular Miraculous Marvellous Magnificent City Of Our Lady The Queen Of The Angels and all its 5000 semi loyal semi treasonous suburban satellite- galaxies: Los Angeles.

Like many of the other 20 million people in Southern Californian Aldous Huxley visited the place once, wrote home saying "Send my things", and never left2. Because he loved Los Angeles so much, he put everything he knew about the place into Swan; because he loved it enough to tell it the truth, he put in the demented stuff3 well as the enchanted stuff.

Huxley's novels were full of demented stuff, and also of the fiendish and indecent and horrifying; this is his wife Maria writing to a friend about Swan: "It's in his most excellent manner - the brilliant fiendish manner. Funny, indecent, horrifying. Yet it is also, thank God, placated with the other side that is constructive."

That's an acceptable immortalist view of the book too, with the bad stuff being the occasional pro-death character incident ("indecent horrifying") and the "constructive" material being the pro-immortality views expressed.

"The woods decay, the woods decay and fall;

The vapours weep their burden to the ground;

Man comes and tills the field and lies beneath;

And after many a summer dies the swan".

The poet was the greatest icon of the English Establishment, Alfred Lord Tennyson; the poem was Tithonus, about a boy who was granted eternal life. The poem provided Aldous Huxley with his memorable title, but Los Angeles provided him with his best opportunities for descriptive narration, as in this passage about the train ride westward from Union Station downtown, to the Ocean at Pacific Coast Highway:

"The first thing to present itself was a slum of Africans and Filipinos, Japanese and Mexicans. And what combinations and permutations of black and yellow and brown! What complex bastardies! And the girls - how beautiful in their artificial silks

"The railway car plunged into a tunnel and emerged into another world, a vast suburban world of filling stations and billboards, of vacant lots and wastepaper, and churches - primitive Methodist churches built in the style of the Cartuja at Granada, Catholic Churches like Canterbury Cathedral, synagogues disguised as Hagia Sophia, Christian Science churches with pillars and pediments like banks ...

"EATS! OPEN ALL NIGHT! JUMBO MALTS!"

"DO THINGS AND GO PLACES WITH CONSOL SUPER GAS!"

"The car sped onwards, and here in the middle of a vacant lot was a restaurant in the form of a seated bulldog, the entrance between the front paws, the eyes illuminated brightly ......

"ASTROLOGY! NUMEROLOGY! PSYCHIC READINGS!

"DRIVE IN FOR NUTBURGERS!"4

"mile after mile interminably ......

"CLASSY EATS! MILE HIGH CONES!"

".... real estate office in the form of an Egyptian sphinx ....... past 12 dog and cat infirmaries ........ past a school for drum majorettes ....... Sunset Boulevard ......... Beverly Hills ......... Here the surroundings changed. Sunset was flanked by the gardens of a rich residential quarter.

Through the the fasçades of houses all new, almost all in good taste - elegant and witty pastiches of Lutyens manor houses and Little Trianons and Monticellos and lighthearted parodies of Le Corbusier and fantastic adaptations of Mexican Haciendas and New England farms ..... The houses succeeded one another like the pavilions of some endless international exhibition. Gloucestershire followed Andalusia."

In the middle of all this Los Angeles real estate, a scholar named Mr Propter holds forth on immortality, and explains to a sceptic why it is worth pursuing:

"I like the words I use to have some relation to facts. That's why I'm interested in eternity - because it's a fact".

"For you, perhaps", said Jeremy.

"For anyone who chooses to fulfil the conditions under which it can be experienced."

"And why should anyone wish to fulfil them?"

"Why should anyone choose to go to Athens to see the Parthenon?

"Because it's worth the bother. And the same is true of eternity", said Mr Propter.

Jeremy indicates hat he does not understand about immortality and Propter replies:

"Why should you? You've never bought your ticket for Athens."

Because practising immortalists do not need to have explained to the why immortality is worth pursuing, they don't necessarily need this pro-immortality pep talk from Huxley and Propter. But for anyone in the middle and undecided about physical immortality, Propter's little speech nicely sums up why immortality is worth it. Because there are wonders to be seen and things to be experienced. This first time around you can't experience the unless your willing to go to Athens; and for future times around you'll also need to Make Some Arrangements (cryonics the main one) if you wish to experience all that is out there.

A quick listing of the pro-immortality factors in After Many a Summer Dies the Swan would read like this:

(A) Mr. Propter, the most intelligent and erudite character in the book, is pro-eternity.

(B) The most cogent and articulate speeches (like the one just quoted) are all in the pro-immortality column.

(C) The title of the book itself is helpful, suggesting as it does sadness at death.

(D) Sceptics and critics (like Jeremy above) who don't bother to get with the program vis-a--viseternity, are portrayed as shallow and nonanalytical.

(E) There are people in the book who actually achieve physical immortality - or at least multi hundred year lifespans.

The last point brings us to the principal anti-immortality factor in Swan: A key character who is still going strong at the age of 201 is an unpleasant character who keeps himself alive by eating tons of raw carp intestines. Still, that negativity isn't so bad (the Fifth Earl Of Gonnister is kind of a Fun Guy, in a quasi-repulsive sort of way), especially in view of the Novelist's Imperative: "Ya gotta have conflict." If intelligent people and nice people in the book are going to be pro-immortality, maybe you need to show the Dark Side of it too, for the sake of dramatic tension.

There was no immortalist movement to be helped by After Many a Summer Dies the Swan when it was published in 1939; but there is now, and a helper is just what the book is. Aldous Huxley only wrote novels about the most serious subjects of his time, so it shouldn't be surprising that he remembered to write one about the most serious subject of all times: Life not ended by death.

But of course that kind of excellent judgment and taste is just what we should expect of a prominent resident of Hollywood, a city so pure that it's Sunday-School teachers, when travelling, all carry passports issued by the Sodom State Dept. and visas valid only in Gomorrah.

Notes

1. Thomas Huxley had a second grandson, Dr Julian Huxley (Aldous's brother). Julian was Director General of the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) in the post-WW2 years, and his story will be told in a companion article.

2. There's a rumour that the author of this article did the same thing, when he saw the sun setting into the Pacific for the first time, viewed from the heights of the Santa Monica Mountains, towering over Zuma Beach at Malibu.

3 Not that such cathedrals of purity as Hollywood and Beverley Hills and the Sunset Strip could have anything demented about theme.

4 No jokes, please, about the kind of people who live in Los Angeles.

Bob Brakeman, the author of more than 2000 articles on Immortalism and Public Affairs, resides in Malibu, California.


Comments on Cryonics Finance

by Jim Yount (American Cryonics Society)

I read with interest Ben Best's article A Theory of Finance for Cryonic Suspension. I'd like to make some comments. The quotes which follow some numbers are from Ben's article.

1. "Life insurance is sold as term insurance or whole life."

This is an old distinction which still has some validity but is mostly outdated. Many of the modern products, such as single premiums whole life, single premiums annuity, and universal life don't neatly fit into this classification. There are also hybrids which start off at term-like rates and graduate into whole life.

Whole life, by traditional definition is life insurance for which you pay your whole life but are covered your whole life. This is done by (essentially) combining term coverage with a savings plan. As the savings builds up it replaces the "insurance" part of your plan until finally at age 100 your plan has all savings and no insurance. Whole life, by a more common definition, has grown to mean any non-term plan. Thus the endowment plans and the limited pay plans fit this definition as whole life.

The words Permentent Insurance are often used to refer to any non- term plan with the words whole life used in the traditional manner (you pay your whole life and are insured your whole life). Ben doesn't make this distinction so its difficult to know what kind of insurance he is talking about.

The point is one can't simply differentiate between whole life and term and then conclude one is better off buying term and investing the difference. This distinction could, perhaps be made twenty years or so ago when The Mortality Merchants was written. The insurance products now available are much different now than then. The insurance industry is fiercely competitive. This competition has produced some products which do have a place, as an investment, in some portfolios.

2. "Because insurance companies are conservative, they set the rate of return quite low."

Once again, Ben's statement had some validity 20 years ago but doesn't hold today. Setting low rates of return (3% to 4 1/2% were typical) twenty years ago because of the long time span over which the insurance company had to guarantee its return. This time could be as long as 100 years. Depressions, wars, run-away inflation, devaluation of currency and adverse government regulation were all factors which could effect the return.

One way some insurance companies provided additional return in the face of these uncertainties was by becoming a mutual company. That is by having no stockholders, being owned by the policyholders who received a dividend if the company got better returns than those they were guaranteeing.

Fifteen years ago or so several leading stock companies (those owned by stockholders not policyholders) "fought back" by originating plans whereby the company paid a more competitive rate of return (usually called current return) on a non- guaranteed basis while still guaranteeing a lower interest rate. These plans have been so very popular the older traditional insurance became difficult to sell and all or nearly all companies introduced some variation on this concept. 8 1/2% to 9 1/2% returns are typical in today's economy.

Most of this class of policy (often referred to as "interest- sensitive") also provide for adjustments for improvement in mortality rates with a conservative mortality rate guaranteed. The most flexible and most widely touted of this new breed is the universal life policy. It provides for adjustments in the face of the policy (death benefit) as well as allowing a policy holder to adjust premiums as his economic factors and insurance needs require.

3. "Whole life insurance has the purported advantage that rates remain constant over the lifetime of the insured. But this rate structure does not imply any real deviation from the principle that term insurance is less costly in one's 20's than in one's 50s. What it really means is that the insured makes overpayments in the early years of the plan, and underpayments in the later years."

As I mentioned earlier most modern polices allow great flexibility in when and how much is paid and also in the death benefits. Even the older permentent insurance policies could be structured to pay off a policy during one's twenties, thirties, and forties. There were also dividend options with the mutual (also called "participating") polices which allowed for payments to decrease when one is older and less able to pay.

4. Ben talked about the tax advantage to Canadians of a Registered Retirement Saving Plan (RRSP). I know nothing about these plans. I have no reason to doubt Ben on this point, however. But just as, being American, I know nothing of the tax advantage of an RRSP to Canadians Ben apparently is not acquainted with the tax advantages of whole life to Americans.

Interest earned with a qualified insurance policy is not taxable as income either to the policy owner or to the beneficiary. This means that for many policy owners the effective rate of return is much higher than the 9 1/2% or so the company pays.

5. Ben is correct in pointing out that most policies are structured to heavily penalize those who cash in the policy early. This penalty is typically in effect for the first ten or fifteen years. Several American Companies, aware of this criticism, have taken the position of not assessing these penalties.

Another disadvantage of permanent insurance is the adverse mortality selection from people who are in good health but who become poor insurance risks later in life. Such people tend to hang onto their insurance policies.

6. "Non-participating insurance is usually preferable to participating insurance."

There are some excellent mutual (participating "par") companies and also excellent stock (non-participating "non-par") companies. One can't generalize and have the generalization mean much. The choice between par and non-par depends much upon one's personal financial circumstances. People in higher tax brackets, for example, may prefer the participating company with the interest earned within the policy not subject to taxation as well as receiving non-taxed dividends.

Most of the insurance companies who have been around since Moses are mutual companies. Some people feel the track records of these mutual giants is an assurance of stability and that they are apt to be around another hundred years or so.

The Consumers Union rates both par and non-par in separate categories. They also make an attempt at determining the true cost of insurance with a formula which takes into account the fact that money not invested in insurance would earn interest in some alternate investment. Since insurance policies are a major investment I recommend some research. The Consumers Union's rating is probably the best single source.

Whatever you do don't try to call a half dozen agents and compare policies. Such a strategy virtually insures you will be hood- winked by one or more of these agents. Insurance is damned complicated. You won't understand a fourth of what you get from the various agents. What's more at least four of the six agents you will talk to won't understand their own products, and will honestly believe the company spiel they've gotten from the sales manager that their product is head and shoulders above the competition.

Another strategy is to contact an Independent Agent, that is an agent who is not tied to any one company but who freely markets a half dozen or so products and can sell many more on a single- sales contract. Since he/she deals with many companies this agent is more apt to be sophisticated in his/her knowledge of products and can do a better job.

7. "Renewable term insurance is preferable over non -- renewable since a cryonicist is committed to long-term coverage."

I would be even more emphatic than Ben on this point. Generally the cryonicist should not buy non-renewable term. The price difference between non-renewable and renewable term is nominal. There are many possible changes in the circumstances of life which might make renewal necessary or desirable.

8. "Group insurance should be sought where possible, since it usually offers considerably lower rates."

Over the years I have had quite a number of opportunities to compare group insurance with individual plans. It is sometimes lower, sometimes more expensive. A factor which tends to lower the price of group insurance is the lower selling and administration costs to the company. This factor is offset by the negative selection factor of having to accept everyone in the group regardless of state of health.

I can offer some generalizations:

a. Group insurance for lower ages and lower amounts is generally cheaper than individual insurance.

This is because there is less adverse selection with younger ages and more administrative savings for these lower amounts.

b. For larger amounts (death benefits) and for older people individual policies are usually cheaper.

c. Group insurance is generally five year term with premium breaks for the whole group by set ages regardless of when the insured enters the program. For example ages 20 to 25 pay one premium, ages 26-30 a higher premium, ages 31-35 higher yet and so on. An individual policy for yearly renewable term or five year term may be cheaper if you would be entering the group plan at an age where you were just subject to the age rate hike.

d. There are policies which are marketed as "group insurance" which are not. Traditional group insurance is provided to everyone in the group with no rejection for reasons of health. The insurance company is taking the healthy with the non-healthy with rates adjusted accordingly. There are some policies which allow enrolment by people of a particular group but which do ask health questions. I get solicitations in the mail frequently from my bank, credit union, and other institutions for such policies. These policies are not especially competitive. There is also the disadvantage of not having a knowledgeable person to call who can answer questions about such policies.

e. If your health is questionable then buy as much group insurance as you can. That is, buy true group insurance where the company can't turn you down because of health (employment groups are the most frequent).

f. Check out whether or not double indemnity is part of the group coverage. Some group policies allows this as an option. Frequently it is included automatically. Most of the time you can send a letter to the insurance company through your employer in which you waive the double indemnity provisions and expressly forbid autopsy. Some group coverage requires you to sign a form authorizing autopsy. Read your application. Request a copy of the policy itself from your employer (some will provide it, some won't). Unless you're sure you are not agreeing to an autopsy, run like hell. Autopsy and cryonic suspension don't go well together.

9. Although Ben's conclusion that group insurance should be sought is not necessarily true the idea behind this suggestion has merit. That is: seek out bargains. Here are some:

a. Savings Bank insurance, offered in some eastern states should be looked at. It will usually beat other insurance.

b. The Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association offers insurance to teachers and employees of U.S. Colleges and Universities. The insurance company pays no taxes on its income and therefor has excellent insurance rates, especially whole life. Buy it if you can.

c. Group insurance where your employer pays part of the cost of the plan is almost always a good deal, again with the warning about avoiding double indemnity.

Let me also comment on Ben's discussion entitled Funding Suspension Maintenance

1. "There are two main strategies currently available for funding suspension maintenance. One is the "charitable" trust and the other is a gift given in good faith to a cryonics organization."

I don't know when a strategy goes from (apparently) a "minor" strategy and becomes a "main" strategy. However, let me mention a few other strategies: 1. Establish a non-charitable trust. 2. Establish a foundation. 3. Establish a foundation and a trust with spill-over provisions. 4. Entrust money to one of the subsidiary immortalist organizations.

2. Ben discusses getting around the problem of perpetuities.

I have long felt the perpetuities question gets much more attention than it deserves.

a. There are a couple of states which allow trust in perpetuity. I would feel better establishing a trust in the U.S. than in a foreign country. The cryonics society or other administrator could probably deal with the legal questions in the United States more readily than in Liechtenstein. I wouldn't mind if some of my money was invested in Liechtenstein, however. Spreading the risk seems appropriate.

b. Currently members of the American Cryonics Society (ACS) can direct that ACS establish a trust for them at the time they die. This allows establishing a trust in a manner and place where this question is not a problem. Much may change before I die. Unless I am prepared to have frequent legal review of any trust I set up now, this alternate seems in order.

c. Fred Martin investigated this question a few years ago and had the legal department for Travellers Insurance do considerable work for him. He established a trust and a foundation. A foundation has perpetual existence but (by law) is not allowed to accumulate interest, it must spend income earned yearly. The trust on the other hand, can accumulate income but may lapse if the perpetuity rule is applied.

Fred's system called for the trust to continue as long as possible then be emptied into the foundation.

d. In many cases the life for the life-in-being for determining the period of the trust for members of the American Cryonics Society is "the youngest members of the American Cryonics Society." This provision may well provide a period of 121 years.

e. Even presenting a worst case scenario where the 121 years or so elapse and the trust must be distributed it would then be distributed to the American Cryonics Society who would then manage it for the member or else establish a new trust, foundation, or whatever the law then allows.

Jim Yount has sold life insurance since 1974. He is one of the few agents who has specialised in insurance for cryonics purposes. He's sold over 100 policies used to fund cryonics. He has a degree in risk management and insurance from San José State University.

Editorial Comment
See also my links page to major technology companies. This contains alternative investment advice that will make you orders of magnitude richer than life insurance.


Status Report

I was pleasantly surprised by the volume of renewals after our price hike to 5 per 3 issue volume. However the next issue is no 26, the start of our first 10 six issue volume. I hope that you all have enjoyed the improved quality of our printed issues, and will support our authors by renewing your subscriptions for the next six issues.

We already have another article from Bob Brakeman for the next issue (on Robert Louis Stevenson's epitaph, his burial place and their implications for immortalists), and we will be printing part two of Trygve Bauge's article on post mortem signup assistance. What else we will be printing is up to our contributors. Nevertheless I feel confident that it will be entertaining and informative reading, and I urge anyone interested in breaking out of the straightjacket of time and death to renew their subscription before they forget!

As we are having the newsletter printed, there are minimum quantities that are above our subscription list. Therefore if you have any means of distributing sample copies to people who may be interested and are possible future subscribers, please let me know and I'll send you some.


Who Needs Tahiti

by Bob Brakeman

There are those who think that the Southern hemisphere is the one that matters. And those who believe that of the continents wholly or partly in that hemisphere, Oceania1 is the one that matters.

And those who feel sure that of Oceania's component parts (Australia, Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia), the part is Polynesia.

And those who are certain that the key section of Polynesia is the one labelled The French Establishments In Oceania.

And those who are positive that within Frenchified Polynesia, the centre of everything that matters is the Society Islands.

And, finally, those who think that the most sublimely beautiful of the Societies is Moorea.

As someone who lives happily inside all those "those"s, I should begin by saying that there better not be any cow-sounds out there: The m-o-o is not pronounced the way it looks. In the Polynesian language every vowel is pronounced individually, no matter how many are strung together. Thus the perfect pronunciation (rarely achieved but among the pure in heart always striven for) of the island is, roughly, moh-uh-ray-uh.

Moorea's curse (and its blessing) is the existence nearby of Tahiti and Bora Bora. Because those islands get all the international attention, Moorea is not as famous as it deserves to be - the curse. But that lower profile has also kept it from becoming as Tourist-Trashed as Tahiti2 and Bora Bora have recently become - the blessing. Moorea still looks much like it looked when the English navigator Samuel Wallis first hit the islands in 1767. Saying it looks the same of course evades the issue of what it does look like. That evasion springs not from a reluctance to describe, but from a desire to savour the anticipation of the description.

Moorea is every scene from the musical South Pacific, every lyric from the songs Bali Hai and In the Middle of an Island, every episode of the show Adventures in Paradise, every south-seas painting by Gauguin, every south of the equator story by Somerset Maugham, every frame from the Burt Lancaster film South Sea Woman, every page of James Mitchener's Tales for the South Pacific end every dream of every dreamer who ever drooled at the mere sound of "Polynesia".

Moorea is the finest ring-of-beaches anywhere in the Far Pacific; it's the most dramatic mountain face looking down on the sea anywhere in any ocean;3 it's a collection of green covered cliffs so dramatic that when Robert Louis Stevenson saw them he almost couldn't bear to continue on to his destination, Samoa;4 it's an island whose heights provide the most dramatic/panoramic sea views anywhere; it's a place whose high-topography attracts its own ring-of-clouds, a ring which surrounds the heights of Moorea with a combination crown/halo - a combined tribute to its royal status among Far Pacific islands and its heavenly scenery; and it's a place where the startling Pacific sunsets produce such orange/red/yellow/purple beauty that you decide not to fire your travel agent after all - as much as he's lied to you over the years, this time he told the truth.

Moorea may be the heart and soul and jewel of the French Establishments in Oceania, but it's also a good place to find Americans and Japanese; Moorea's not a cheap place to visit, and as the world's most affluent tourists those two nationalities are attracted to it. During the early 1900s, two Yankee/Gringo/Americanos (I and an associate) conducted an informal opinion poll among American and Japanese tourists visiting Moorea. Because there is nothing to "do" in Moorea (it is a pure scenery location, not an activities-location; you want activities, go to 1313 South Harbor Boulevard, Anaheim, California, and ask for Mickey), it is a good spot to find people who appreciate natural beauty, and the natural world in general. An interesting abstract question, we thought, was this: Are people with a deep appreciation of natural beauty and the natural world more likely to be oriented toward life extension than people who don't care much about beautiful scenery surrounding? To attempt to find out, we isolated two test-groups - one first hand and one through intermediaries. The first hand group consisted of a total of 238 tourists in Moorea. The secondhand group was made up of friends and acquaintances of theirs back home, (234 of them) who'd had the chance to go to Moorea for it's scenic beauty but had instead opted for "do things" locations like Disneyland and Walt Disney World. Each of them was presented with an assortment of life extension material including (A) copies of life-extension magazines (one issue each of The Immortalist and Cryonics and Long Life [now out of print -ed]) (B) a collection of several dozen immortalist articles by the present writer and (C) brochures from the leading immortalist groups (Cryonics Institute and Alcor and Trans Time). Each individual was given as much time as she/he needed to go over the material; if it took weeks or months that was fine (the tourists on Moorea of course were long gone from there by that time but we had their addresses). Whenever they were ready to report their reactions, we asked both groups a series of questions:

(A) Were you favourably or unfavourably affected by the life extension material you've read?

(B) Would you consider reading a book on the subject if we provided it?

(C) Would you consider joining a life extension group?

(D) Do you consider the current 70 years or so lifespan adequate?

(E) Would you consider donating money to a group which would do one or both of two things - perform longevity research and/or cryonically suspend people?

On each of the five questions there was a clearcut difference between the natural-beauty vacationers and the activities-vacationers.

Moorean Californian

Scenery Activities

(A) Favourably impressed by Life Extension material 71% 46%

(B) Would read free book 69% 44%

(C) Would join Life Extension group 64% 32%

(D) Considered 70 years a "wonderful lifespan" 28% 48%

(E) Might give money to life extension groups 55% 23%

Since this survey in paradise was by it's nature informal, unscientific and nonrigourous, there is little point in debating whether those differences between the two groups were "statistically significant" in a formal sense. But since in the case of all five questions the differences between the two groups were so large there's at least some reason to suspect that we may be on to something here, that maybe people with a serious appreciation of the natural/scenic world really are more worth our time than their opposites are, really are people with a greater than average likelihood of being convertible to immortalism.

Backing up this tentative statistical evidence is sheer logic: isn't it logical that people who care about the beauty of the natural world should be especially likely to care about the beauty of existence itself? Further, isn't it predictable that those who are in love with the natural world are more likely than the average person to realise that the natural world is the only world there is (and therefore more likely to want to stick-around that world than are people who think there's some other world somewhere)?

Finally since there's a fair amount of evidence that pure scenery lovers are, on average smarter than their non scenery counterparts,5 should we be surprised to find that those people were also smarter than their opponents in the way they react to the possibility of saving their own lives?

Moorea has given outsiders worlds beyond worlds of pleasure since that day in 1767 when Samuel Wallis and his crew Got Lucky; maybe now it's transcended pleasure and given us something to think about in our recruiting, something of value to the movement whose goal is to ensure that a certain native expression is proven false: "Moorea remain, after we all gone".

Notes

1. For those of you who were lasciviously watching the girls(boys) go by when your eighth grade geography teacher was explaining Oceania, it will be defined in the next paragraph.

2. Downtown Papeete (Tahiti's capital) doesn't look quite like midtown Manhattan yet --- but give it another week.

3. Of course there are those of us who feel there is only one ocean, and three imposters.

4. The author of Treasure Island and other Sea stories was contractually committed to go to Samoa to write a series of to be published letters on the South Seas. He died in Samoa but his heart lived in Moorea.

5. See my article Who Goes to National Parks Anyway? published in various of the Gannett newspapers in 1975 and 1976.

Bob Brakeman, the author of more than 2000 articles on Immortalism and Public Affairs, resides in Malibu, California.


Amrit Kalash

by John E. Smith

Here is some information on Amrit Kalash, the tonic mentioned by Suzanne Stebbing in the October edition of Longevity Report.

l am personally more committed to life, longevity and immortality than I am to science, but it does seem that there has been a great deal of scientific interest in this product (Maharishi Amrit Kalash).

As a medical doctor, a Professor of Pathology and the director of the division of Anatomic Pathology at the Ohio State University College of Medicine, Dr H M Sharma is accustomed to conducting top-level research. And as a member of the prestigious Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB), a professional society that admits only those who have conducted many significant studies, he is a respected researcher in his field.

With Dr. Sharma as the project director, and the only one familiar with Maharishi Ayurveda. more than seven independent researchers conducted three separate studies at Ohio State University College of Medicine, Indiana University Medical Centre and the University of Kansas Medical Centre.

The research was begun in September 1987, completed within a few months, and published in the March 15 edition of the FASEB journal.

Study 1:Maharishi Amrit Kalash

Enhances Immune Response

By examining the immune system of laboratory animals, this research showed that Maharishi Amrit Kalash enhanced immunity by significantly increasing the production of lymphocytes when the subjects were challenged by a foreign agent. The lymphoproliferative response was two to four times higher in the experimental group as compared to control animals. Lymphocytes are the cells in the body responsible for the immune response mechanism.

Study 2: Maharishi Amrit Kalash

Inhibits Platelet Aggregation

The effects of Maharishi Amrit Kalash on platelet function in vitro (in a test tube) were investigated in this research study. Platelets are blood cells that are critical to the clotting process. They are significant contributors to the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries - the leading cause of heart disease. In a person with coronary artery disease, platelets can also cause problems by clumping together, thereby blocking blood flow and causing a heart attack.

Since the research found that Maharishi Amrit Kalash inhibits the clumping of platelets, Amrit Kalash may slow the progression of atherosclerosis and reduce the likelihood of thrombosis; which plays a major role in causing heart attacks.

Study 3: Maharishi Amrit Kalash

and Well-Being

This study may explain why people think Maharishi Amrit Kalash report feelings of contentment, peace, and happiness. According to the finding, Maharishi Amrit Kalash inhibits the binding of opiate antagonists to brain opiate receptors. At the same time, it was found that Maharishi Amrit Kalash will not block the binding of the body's own natural substances, such as endorphins and encephalins, which have been linked to feelings of well-being.

Press release: John E. Smith's Business

improves health:

A Bristol graduate is currently launching himself into the business of "Ageproofing".

John E. Smith worked for twelve years as a meditation teacher in Australia, the South Pacific and Britain before developing his interest in diet and eastern approaches to herbal medicine and cosmetic care. Mr Smith has worked also as a wholefood chef, teacher and free-lance writer whilst pursuing his studies. He feels that ancient remedies to the problems of stress, sickness and ageing have yet to be surpassed by modern medicine. He avoids following a particular philosophy but uses a synthesis of approaches in his treatments, tailored to individual needs. Treatments include: the use of herbal poultices and cosmetics to tone the skin and reduce the toxin build-up stored in internal organs such as the kidneys, liver and lungs, together with energy alignment (Rieki) and dietary advice.

"Sickness. ageing and death are bound up largely with programming and belief, in order to end the negative beliefs we have about ourselves it is useful to approach symptoms from all angles: diet, environment, exercise, relaxation and appearance", he says. "The skin is the body's largest organ, it measures an average of 17 square feet and weighs around five pounds; it is vital in the absorption of nutrients and the elimination of toxins and expresses in its general condition all that takes place within the body. When the skin looses its elasticity and tone ageing becomes very apparent even in young people."

John uses only the best cosmetic preparations, some of which he makes up himself. They include ingredients like Royal Jelly, silk and pure herbal extracts.

For more information, please contact John E. Smith, 35, Dunkerry Road, Windmill Hill, Bristol BS3 3DD, mentioning Longevity Report.


Post Mortem Signup Assistance - part one

by Trygve B. Bauge

Life Extension Systems, Biosphere Technologies, and Private Fortifications Unlimited.

(303) 499-7771 1085, 14th Street, Suite 1001, Boulder, CO80302, USA.

Important editorial note to newsletters with reciprocal publishing arrangements with Longevity Report:

These are suspended for this article. Please contact the above for details if you wish to reprint.

First Let me emphasize that I am not recruiting clients for postmortem sign ups, nor am I trying to sell people on the idea of post mortem sign ups. I only handle clients who have repeatedly and persistently called the existing cryonics companies with requests for postmortem sign ups.

Cryonics is the science of freezing human remains at cold enough temperatures to virtually halt the molecular breakdown and to sustain the remains at such (liquid nitrogen) temperature until a way to reverse the death and ensuing damage and to rejuvenate the body is made available.

We do not presently know how to successfully freeze, thaw out and restore the health of dead human beings. However we can successfully freeze and thaw sperm, egg cells, embryos, and selected tissues and organs. Certain animals can survive being frozen and thawed. We can also foresee the use of cloning, nanotechnology and other means

to restore body and memory, and there is no reason to think that we wouldn't eventually be able to successfully freeze and restore healthy human beings too, and even reverse death and secure rejuvenation for those who have been frozen.

While cremation and regular burial does not preserve enough DNA and brain structure to enable future revival, cryonic suspension offers at least some hope. Though the odds for success are small, it is better to have small odds than no odds.Furthermore the odds for success increase by the length we can manage to keep a body frozen. The more time the greater the likelihood that science will catch up with our dreams and aspirations.

There are presently three companies that offer cryonic suspension of human remains. The three companies are all located in the United States:

Alcor, in Riverside, California,

'phone 1-800-367-2228

The Cryonics Institute in Detroit, Michigan

'phone 1-313-548-9549

Trans Time in Oakland, California

'phone 1-415-639-1955.

The three companies have presently 26 people suspended in liquid nitrogen, as well as several hundred additional clients already signed up to be frozen upon death.

Cryonic suspension is usually paid for by life insurance.

The cryonic companies prefer to deal only with clients who make the proper arrangements while still alive. In such cases we will know about a client's decaying health and can take the proper steps to secure cryonic suspension under ideal circumstances just after death thereby securing the least cell damage and the best long run hope of revival.

Usually a twenty four hour watch is kept by the death bed, and upon death, the body is immediately cooled to a few degrees above freezing whereupon the blood is replaced by a cryoprotective solution that reduces any damage from ice crystallization before the body is gradually cooled first to dry ice temperature and then to liquid nitrogen temperature all within a day or two.

However, since cryonics have gotten a lot of press coverage the three companies frequently receive calls often in the middle of the night from people who have just lost relatives and where no prior cryonic suspension arrangements were made.

Postmortem sign up does not offer ideal conditions for suspension. It usually takes time to reach a cryonics company, to pass on instructions, line up assistance, arrange emergency cooling, contracts, financing, permits and shipment to a cryonics facility for liquid nitrogen storage. Frequently a relative doesn't reach a cryonic company in time

to secure gradual cooling and the use of cryoprotective agents.

Sometimes the body is already frozen at -1oC to -22oC at some hospital, before the cryonics company even get involved. Or the body has been dead for so long at higher temperatures, or it takes so long to arrange finance and contracts and permits for cryonic suspension, that the only workable solution is to go with an immediate straight but gradual freeze, first to -4oC or -22oC, dependent upon the capacity at the morgue, and then to dry ice temperature of -79oC until shipment to a cryonics company for liquid nitrogen storage can be worked out.

It is important to notice that the cryonics companies cannot afford to arrange cryoprotective treatment, dry ice storage or other services for postmortem signups until a contract has been worked out and payment has been received. We are not a financing company and we cannot afford to risk our other clients' trust funds on premature assistance where we might be stuck with the bills. All we can do is to advise people who are calling us that they are best off by arranging dry ice storage of their diseased relative until they can complete proper arrangements with a cryonic company.

Furthermore once the blood coagulates we can no longer replace the blood with a cryoprotective solution. To heat up frozen bodies to attempt embalming or blood replacement, is presently counterproductive and just lead to even more cell damage. Even more so when the tissues are already damaged from long storage at relatively high temperatures. Once the body is already frozen below 0oC most of the ice crystal formation has already taken place and warming up a frozen body to add cryoprotective agents does not make sense.

Based on the above adverse circumstances most postmortem requests are or have so far been routinely denied.

There have been a few exceptions: Sometimes people get hold of a cryonics company within hours after their relative died, and are able and willing to immediately wire enough money to secure assistance.

In other circumstances a relative is persistent enough in his or her efforts to work out an arrangement with one of the cryonics companies and secure postmortem sign up and suspension.

I fall in the latter category. My grandfather died on November the 6th of 1989 and after more than $3,000 in long distance phone calls I succeeded in getting him signed up and cryonically suspended. He is now stored in liquid nitrogen at Trans Time's facility in Oakland.

I have since made arrangements to be frozen myself, and it certainly is easier and advisable to do so before one dies, than to be at the mercy of some relative's later frantic efforts.

The cryonics companies continue to get calls from people wanting to make postmortem arrangements for their just departed relatives and since I already have been through the process and know what the steps are I told the three companies that in cases where they can't immediately handle a request themselves and the person making the request seems sincere and persistent, I would be glad to assist.

As a result the companies have started to refer requests for postmortem sign ups to me, in situations where they otherwise would just have given up on or denied the request in the first place.

I then get on the phone and usually stay on the phone day and night until all the proper arrangements are made and the cryonic suspension is successfully completed. I request or arrange for a translator when necessary. I introduce myself and tell that I have been hired by a cryonics company to assist them in assisting the client.

I inform the client of the risks invited, of the standard suspension steps of the added adverse circumstances and steps of a postmortem sign up, that we don't know how to bring anyone back yet, and that all we can offer is to halt the molecular break down in the hope that science eventually will catch up with our hopes and aspirations and that the odds of success are small.

I inform the client of all the available cryonics companies their various services and costs, including my own postmortem assisting service.

I make it clear what each service costs and what transport costs are involved and that these include casket, freight, phone bills etc.

I try to determine what the person wants and can afford, so no one ends up with a package he or she cannot afford to sustain. If the client still desires to pursue cryonic suspension, can afford this and seems to be rational and persistent, I then take on the task of securing the appropriate cryonic suspension. In the future I will ask that $2,000 be wired to me at this point by the client, and make it clear that if such an amount is not received within one day, then I will stop my efforts at that point. (ie after 24 hours.)

Granted that I am promised payment by the client or by the cryonic company, I get in touch with the hospital and morgue, and attempt to secure dry ice storage and extensions of time, so that the body is not inadvertently destroyed, buried or cremated

Once it is determined what the client wants and can afford, and what cryonics company that offers the desired package at the best price, or the best package for the available amount, I and the client then make a decision as to what package to pursue.

I then get on the phone to secure a contract, financing, funeral home assistance, a travel casket, dry ice, permits, air freight, etc.

Sometimes a client doesn't know of all the three cryonic companies until I put him or her in touch with all of these. Knowing all the three companies can mean a saving of $50,000 especially in post mortem sign ups, when the differences in medical treatment no longer applies.

Other times I have to talk the cryonics companies into changing their rules and requirements before the client can be accepted. The Cryonics Institute in Michigan who is charging the least for cryonic suspensions, and who used to only accept clients who signed up whilst alive, and who agreed to donate their body, - are now accepting postmortem sign-ups, and signups from abroad, and even letting the relatives keep some legal control of the body, and I like to think that my prodding influenced the changes thereby saving future post mortem sign ups $50,000 or more.

Each of the three cryonic companies have some services that it is the best at, or the cheapest at.

All three companies full body suspension of postmortem sign ups. The Cryonics Institute charges the least, when they accept a body. Trans Time offers an annual payment plan, Alcor charges the most but has presently the best outreach team. Alcor is also the only company that presently offers to store just the head of postmortem sign ups. However they charge more for this than Michigan charges for full body suspension.

Typically a client has to expect to have to pay from $10,000 to $20,000 to have the body shipped to the cryonics company, plus $8,000 or so for the cryonic company for encapsulation of the body and $20,000 to $100,000 for a maintenance fund to keep the body in suspension. If extensive medical treatment and cryoprotective blood substitute is used one has to expect to pay another $50,000.

Some of the interest from the maintenance fund pays for annual upkeep of the body in liquid nitrogen and the rest adds to the maintenance fund to counter inflation.

Shipping costs typically include:

$1,000-$2,000 translator and the translator's 'phone calls, fax costs etc.

$1,000 up phone calls and fax costs for the client

$500 - $3,000 hospital costs of dry ice for temporary storage before shipment

$1,000 up funeral home administration costs phoned fax labour

(Permits. See phone and fax costs for everyone involved)

$2,000 casket rental or buying

$500 - $1,000 shipping in the empty travel casket

$500 more dry ice for shipping the body to the cryonic company

$500 up packing and moving the casket including car transport to the airport

$2,000-$4,000 air-shipment of the casket, (and return or disposal of empty casket)

$500 funeral home pickup and transport to the cryonics company

$1,000 administrative costs of the cryonic company fax 'phone

$1,000-3,000 client flying in to visit one or more of the cryonics companies

$2,000-4,000 my costs of helping in arranging it all if I am involved

Sometimes the client just pays the cryonic company to arrange everything other times the client pays the shipping cost directly him or herself. The transport and assistance costs come on top of the encapsulation and maintenance costs which are as follows-

Full body suspension costs about $29,500 at the Cryonics Institute and has to be paid in full up front. (The charge includes a $1,500 one time membership fee.)

Full body suspension at Trans Time costs at least $100,000 of which a minimum of $4,000 is required up front. A trust of at least $25,000 is left after encapsulation in liquid nitrogen, $4,000 is deducted from the fund for maintenance. In other words one has to pay more than $4,500 a year until a trust fund of $100,000 has been built up, or risk having the relative thawed out.

As of 1 January 1991, Alcor charges about $120,000 for full body suspension, and $41,000 for neurosuspension (head only).

When all is said and done post mortem sign ups including administration, transport, encapsulation and maintenance fund, add up to the following amount at the different companies:

The Cryonics Institute about $50,000 up front.

Trans Time about $120,000 of which $40,000 has to be covered up front

Alcor about $140,000 for full body and about $60,000 for just the head

If you have more than $150,000 then you have your pick of all the services. If you immediately can raise $50,000 you can go with full body at the Cryonics Institute or at Trans-Time or head only at Alcor.

If you have $50,000 a decision as to what organisation to go with comes down to whether the Cryonics Institute accepts the body. If they don't then you are stuck with the more expensive long run option offered by Trans Time, or with the neuro option offered by Alcor. If you don't have $50,000 then tough luck, unless you can otherwise by your work and services show that it is of value to the cryonic companies to help you out!

Other cryonics companies have existed in the past, that charged less. These went out of business and the suspended bodies were thawed out. No cryonics company is eager to risk its older suspension patients by taking on one more under funded body. Though we would be glad to help you, we have to pay our bills too, in order to offer cryonics services in the first place and hopefully make cryonics work.

Sometimes there are room for negotiations, based on the circumstances of each case.

If you just have a lump sum of $50,000 and no long run income then I recommend the Cryonics Institute. You will be paid up and not have to worry about long run payments.

On the other hand if you have slightly less money now but can prove that you have secured long run income and could afford to pay more than $5,000 a year (preferably $10,000 a year), and would be willing to do so, then you might be able to secure long run suspension at Trans Time.

I try to save the client money on contracts, on air freight and on all the various expenses, by lining up and calling all the sub contractors and demanding itemized bills from all so that the client isn't over charged by anyone. When possible I try to find cheap alternatives. I even arrange with the client's permission for the sale of pictures from the suspension when possible, netting the client more money than he has to pay for my services in the first place.

Though a client might do a lot of work on his or her own, and though I encourage this, - I still think I can proudly say, that the postmortem arranged cryonic suspension(s) I have been involved in would not have come about without my assistance.

That is because the cryonics companies are not likely to spend a lot of time or phone calls on any seemingly underfunded postmortem request. If it takes a client some time to come up with the necessary money it is my experience that the cryonics companies are likely to give up on the request or just sit around until the potential client gives up too.

Furthermore to arrange a postmortem sign up from abroad - involved tracking down a large number of people and overcome, a lot of obstacles, that the cryonics companies are not always ready nor willing to tackle and overcome on their own.

Let me emphasize that I am not recruiting clients for post mortem sign ups, nor am I trying to sell people on the idea on post mortem sign ups. I only handle clients who have repeatedly and persistently called the cryonics companies with requests for postmortem sign ups.

We have no guarantee that cryonics will bring anyone back, will stay in business long enough to bring anyone back. All we know is that the three existing companies are adequately funded and have been in existence for three years or more. All the books are open, and you are welcome to come and visit any of the facilities.

Editorial note:- The following appears to be in the form of a letter direct to a potential client, hence the repeated use of "you":-

I did not talk you into this, you approached the cryonics companies. I am involved in helping you, only because you kept calling the cryonics companies until one of them eventually turned your case over to me.

"Once on the case I am trying to do the best possible job. I have many other ventures but I have dropped everything and am staying up at odd hours making the necessary calls to secure that your request for cryonic suspension is successfully carried out and is funded in such a way that your relative hopefully will be maintained in suspension long enough for medical science to find a way to clone or repair the body and otherwise bring back the memory as well.

As long as fragments of DNA are all there, there is still hope that these can be repaired and pieced back together sometime in the future.

Organizing a postmortem cryonic suspension of someone from abroad might take several weeks when we are dealing with an underfunded first suspension from a country, I am taking on a lot of work and strain and I could have made make more money doing something else. [But you are building up valuable experience that will enable you to do this more quickly and therefore more profitably in future. You as well as your client benefits from each case! - ed]

So let me make it clear:

1 - You contacted one or more of the cryonics companies, and thereby me. I am responding only because you have persistently requested assistance from one or more of the cryonics companies, and at least one of them responded by hiring me to assist you.

2 - You can not expect the cryonics companies to assist you for weeks on end without getting paid.

3 - They usually do not get involved unless they are paid up front.

4 - The fact that I am still working on your case means that the cryonics companies at some point gave up on your request and turned it over to me to drop it or pursue it on a commission basis and that your request is still alive only because of my efforts. (When I first heard of your case I immediately contacted all the cryonics companies and first tried to get any one of these to handle your case on its own, - and when I stayed on the case it was only because it became clear that none of the three companies was willing to take over and successfully complete your case on its own.)

5 - My time is of value to me, and I expect to be paid for my services! I don't have to assist you and if you blame me for assisting you or criticise me for demanding payment for my services I will be glad instead to assist someone else that may appreciate my assistance.

6 - I am not attempting to take advantage of your grief, nor am I trying to bilk you of your money, all I am attempting is to assist you in getting the best deal that you have requested and are willing and able to pay for.

7 - I am not bound to any one cryonics company but am free to offer you a full and open comparison of all three of them. In that sense I am a consumer advocate and agent, representing you in your dealings with the cryonic industry.

8 - My services save you or earn you more money than my services cost you! I save you cost on cryonic suspension and on up front transportation, and might even secure you some income from picture sales to the press. The press in general do not pay for cryonic pictures but I have several hundred contacts in the press and am often able to work out a favourable deal, by knowing which journalists are presently writing stories on cryonics. Furthermore by standardising, improving and making available routines for postmortem cryonic signing up, I am making it easier for everyone to make postmortem arrangements, thereby reducing the cost and the cell damage to the person being frozen (the cryonaut).

9 - When you are spending money on cryonics it is because you have decided to do so yourself.

10 - If cryonics takes a large part of your wealth, you were fully made aware of this up front!

11 - In order to secure a successful and affordable cryonic suspension I have to make several hundred 'phone calls. That is the only way to check that everything is taken care of that all the people involved are effectively coordinated and that misunderstandings and obstacles are overcome. I am not willing to abstain from making a 'phone call when I know that 'phone call has to be made to prevent some substance or verify that everything is understood and will be carried out properly. Time, money, reputation and ultimately the success of the cryonic suspension is at stake for both of us and I am not willing to risk it by making too few phone calls.

12 - You will be billed for my time and my expenses. I am only charging $200 a day for my time, and only for the first ten days. If I have been paid but can't get the job completed in two weeks I will continue to assist for another two weeks without further pay for my time. Limiting the charge to $2,000 for my time creates an incentive for me to secure cryonic suspension in two weeks or less. I do however demand to be reimbursed for all expenses. 'Phone calls and other expenses for two to four weeks assistance is usually below $1,500. I do request that a retainer of $2,000 immediately be wired to me by way of my bank or by way of Western Union. Unless this is orally agreed upon I will not assist you, paying such a retainer also put this agreement into effect. The balance of my bill is due to the cryonics company on the day when you make your up front payment to the latter, for the cryonic suspension. Thus if I fail to arrange the cryonic suspension you only lose the $2,000 retainer. If I arrange cryonic suspension but you fail to pay the balance of my bill, I request that the cryonic company wait for the remaining money before they go ahead with the suspension, as a requisite for a working relationship, unless other credit has been successfully negotiated.

13 - If you don't want or can't afford to pay for my services and 'phone calls then you should make that clear up front, and not wait until I by my efforts have secured for you a cryonic suspension arrangement that you would not have arrived at without my help.

14 - My reputation and future is at stake as well as yours, and though I can't promise success when I take on a case, I do my best to make it succeed. - Thus if you run into delays and obstacles in your request for post mortem cryonic suspension, don't hesitate to hire me. But get in touch before you run into unnecessary delays, costs and adversity, and I will be glad to assist you. The earlier you contact me, the more I can do for you! I will most likely stay on your case only if hired by you. If I am not hired by you but select to stay on the case it is only because the cryonics company of your choice have agreed to pay me for assisting you to a successful cryonic suspension, or at least have agreed to pay a commission, in which case that latter will bill you for my services and payment of such a bill will be one of the conditions for completing the cryonic suspension with that company! I am not likely to work on commission, and you best bet for getting my assistance is to immediately pay me a retainer.

Thus the questions are: Do you want me to assist you? If so, then immediately wire me $2,000. If you do not immediately want to hire me yourself, then the question is: Does the cryonic company you are working with want to hire me to assist you outright or on commission? If yes, then they will bill you for my services and payment of such bill will be one of the conditions for completing the requested cryonic suspension by that company!

If you and your selected cryonics company both decide to handle it without me, it would be a relief to me, believe me! On the other hand if you later run into obstacles, feel free to attempt to hire me, if I am still available I will be glad to assist. But keep in mind that you likely received my offer in the first place only because all the three cryonics companies already at some point had given up on handling your request for assistance themselves and had left your case for me to handle.

My conditions for assisting are

That I get paid $200 a day plus expenses, but no more than $2,000 plus expenses. My expenses are basically phone calls and fax costs which typically might run from $1,500 to $3,000 before a suspension is successfully arranged.

When I am called in, my service becomes an integral part of the cryonic suspension package. In the same way as funeral home services, casket, dry ice, airfreight, encapsulation and money for a maintenance fund are integral parts of the package, that has to be paid for before cryonic suspension can be completed.

Basically the client pays the cryonic company for the services rendered and the cryonic company reimburses me at the above scale.

So far I have not asked any cryonic company to pay me unless my efforts leads to an actual paid suspension. However, since I can't afford to drop everything and assist on full time for several weeks without getting reimbursed I will henceforth ask for $2,000 as an immediate retainer from the person requesting cryonic suspension before I even get involved.

to be continued ...

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